A three-nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid or termination signal; the basic unit of the genetic code.
One of many discrete units of hereditary information located on the chromosomes and consisting of DNA.
Polymer consisting of a single monomer.
The transfer of information from a DNA molecule into an RNA molecule.
The transfer of information from an RNA molecule into a polypeptide, involving a change of language from nucleic acids to amino acids.